Anti-mosquito measures are sufficient in this country or parts of this country.
The risk of contracting malaria and other mosquito-borne infectious diseases is reduced through the use of preventative measures to avoid getting bitten by mosquitos. The most effective products contain DEET. Malaria-carrying mosquitos are most active in the evening, night and early hours of the morning. The use of a mosquito net, even if it has not been impregnated with special insect repellent is also recommended. Long clothes which cover the arms and legs should be worn in the evening.
Tick-Borne Encephalitis is endemic. Discuss preventive measures with the vaccination clinic.
Limited risk of rabies. Discuss preventive measures with the vaccination clinic.
There have been cases of the West Nile virus confirmed in Greece. The reports are from the Attiki region, in the Athens’ suburbs.
Information about Rabies
Rabies is a viral infection which is always fatal if symptoms are present. The virus is transmitted through infected mammals' salvia (a dog, cat, monkey or other small mammal; bats can also transmit the disease). Humans can be infected if bitten, scratched or licked by an infected animal. The virus penetrates the body through small wounds in the skin or through mucous membranes in the eyes or mouth. The first visible symptoms can appear a few weeks or even several months after infection. If bitten by an animal suspected of having Rabies, you should immediately (and in any case within 1 week) receive treatment with an immunoglobulin. In addition you should be vaccinated. If you are taking a trip where the risk of being bitten is relatively high, for example if you are going trekking or on a cycling-trip, vaccination against rabies is recommended. If you are then bitten you will not need immunoglobulin, which may in any case be difficult to get hold of in developing countries and treatment with additional vaccinations will be sufficient. Discuss with the vaccination clinic whether a vaccination against Rabies is advisable in your individual case.
Information about Tick-Borne Encephalitis
“Eastern European Tick Fever” or “Frühsommer Meningo Encephalitis” occurs in the summer months. This is a viral infection with symptoms that can vary from a flu-like condition to a serious infection of the brain. The infection only exists in forest areas. If you have been bitten by a tick you should see a doctor immediately. Vaccination against East European Tick Fever is possible but is generally only available from specialised travel clinics or larger vaccination clinics. Discuss with your vaccination clinic whether or not vaccination is advisable in your case.